UPR Sexual Rights Database

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UN Member State that is reviewed on its human rights record as part of the UPR process.

Categories of the types of information used during reviews

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Source of Reference

Recommending State

UN Member State or Permanent Observer making sexual rights related recommendations, comments or asking questions to the State under Review.

Review Documentation

Sources of information used as the basis for a State’s review.  Includes the State’s National Report, UN Compilation Report and a Stakeholder Summary.

UN Regional Group to which State under Review belongs.

UN Regional Group to which Recommending State belongs.

This will only match recommendations where the Source of Review is a State.

Implementation notes

State responses to recommendations and issues raised in the UN Compilation and Stakeholder summary.

Displaying 51326 - 51350 of 51488 recommendations found
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    Slovenia

    Slovenia
    Regional group
    EEG
    Political group
    EU
    Issue:
    • International human rights instruments
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Rejected
    Contents:
    Ratify the core international human rights instruments including CAT, CRPD, all Optional Protocols to the CRC, the Palermo Protocol and the first Optional Protocol to the ICCPR, and incorporate them into their national legislation
    Explanation
    Noted. Does not enjoy the support of Zimbabwe.
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    Brazil

    Brazil
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    Issue:
    • Discrimination based on sexual orientation
    • Discrimination based on gender identity
    • Criminal laws on same-sex sexual practices
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Unclear Response
    Contents:
    Take measures to prevent and combat discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity, including by decriminalizing sexual relations between consenting adults of the same sex
    Explanation
    Noted.
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    National Report

    Issue:
    • Gender perspective in policies, programmes
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    12th session, October 2011
    Status:
    N/A
    Contents:
    "The Ministry responsible for Gender and Women Affairs spearheads gender mainstreaming efforts by all sectors and promotes the advancement of women. Gender Focal Persons have been established in all line Ministries at Director level so that they are able to influence policies. Their overall responsibility is to ensure that gender is mainstreamed in their respective Ministries and Departments. [Para 24]"
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • Discrimination based on sexual orientation
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    12th session, October 2011
    Status:
    Reference Addressed
    Contents:
    UNCT noted that the Constitution was silent on discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation. HR Committee noted with concern that homosexuals were subjected to discrimination. [Para 30]
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • Violence against women / gender-based violence
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Reference Addressed
    Contents:
    The CEDAW urged Zimbabwe to provide adequate assistance and protection to women who were victims of violence by strengthening the capacity of existing shelters and establishing more shelters. [Para 35]
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    National Report

    Issue:
    • International human rights instruments
    • Gender equality
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    N/A
    Contents:
    The periodic reports on CEDAW (2012), ACRWC (2015) and UNCRC (2016) have been presented to the treaty bodies. A National Plan of Action on the implementation of the CEDAW recommendations was developed while the National Plan of Action on the implementation of UNCRC and ACRWC recommendations will be developed during the course of 2016. [Para 69]
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    Iran

    Iran
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    OIC
    Issue:
    • HIV and AIDS
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    12th session, October 2011
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Take effective measures, with the assistance of all relevant international organisations, to counter food insecurity, HIV/AIDS pandemics and high morbidity and mortality rates.
    Implementation
    "National Report:
    Para 58) The Public Health Act [Chapter 15:09] provides for the protection of public health, including prevention and suppression of infectious and sexually transmitted diseases …

    Para 62) The availability of vital medicines at institutions by the end of 2013 was 66.6%. With development partner support, which is targeted at the communities, 87.2% of primary health care facilities have at least 80% of selected essential medicines. Government has removed customs duty on all imported anti-malarial medicines and commodities and permitted local pharmaceutical companies to produce anti-retroviral drugs. Government has a bilateral agreement for doctors and other health professionals with countries such as Cuba to alleviate shortage of doctors in the country.

    Para 63) Government is scaling up Anti-Retroviral Therapy (ART) services to reduce morbidity and mortality due to HIV and AIDS through: making drugs available and accessible; offering patients ARVs free of charge; training primary counsellors in rapid HIV testing; establishing sites offering ART services; and mobilising and empowering communities to support improved access to care and support.

    Para 126) Despite facing economic challenges, Government remains committed to making funding mechanisms in the social services sector such as BEAM and AMTO viable. It is engaging development partners to continue supporting these mechanisms as well as others such as the Health Development Fund and the Child Protection Fund while it pursues ways of fully funding them from its own resources. For example, Government established the National AIDS Trust Fund, which is funded through the AIDS Levy, to cater for those living with HIV and AIDS (about 1.4 million people are living with HIV and AIDS, of which about 800,000 are receiving treatment). Government plans to introduce a national health insurance scheme to ensure that all persons, especially the vulnerable, can have access to proper health care.

    Midterm report
    The new Constitution makes specific provision for the right to health care. The right includes the right of every person living with a chronic illness to have access to basic healthcare services for the illness and the requirement that no person may be refused emergency medical treatment in any health-care institution.

    More health institutions have been created to ensure that the majority of the population is within a 10 kilometre radius of a health centre. This is the country’s set standard within the Primary Health Care Approach which was adopted when Zimbabwe signed the 2008 Ouagadougou Declaration on Primary Healthcare and Health Systems in Africa. Following this, priority has been placed on revitalising the health care delivery system to ensure an effective and efficient referral system and emergency services. Most primary care facilities are functional as they continue to benefit from both Government and donor resources.

    The availability of vital medicines at institutions by the end of 2013 was 66.6%. With development partner support, which is targeted at the communities, 87.2% of primary health care facilities have at least 80% of selected essential medicines.

    Government is scaling up Anti-Retroviral Therapy (ART) services to reduce morbidity and mortality due to HIV and AIDS through :
    • making drugs available and accessible;
    • offering patients ARVs free of charge;
    • training primary counsellors in rapid HIV testing;
    • establishment of sites offering ART services; and
    • mobilising and empowering communities to support improved access to care and support.

    UN Compilation:
    Para 79) The country team stated that while the States signatories to the Abuja Declaration on HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis and Other Related Infectious Diseases had called upon countries to allocate at least 15 per cent of their gross domestic product to the health sector, Zimbabwe only allocated 9.73 per cent in 2016

    Stakeholder Summary:
    Para 69) JS8 stated that during the 2011 review, Zimbabwe supported recommendations related to the continuation of efforts to reduce HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis as well as mortality rate caused by HIV, and development of a financing mechanism to help the underprivileged. Despite support for those recommendations, children continue to experience difficulties in accessing health services.

    Para 70) JS7 stated that at the 2011 review, Zimbabwe undertook to continue efforts to reduce HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Tuberculosis with the assistance of development partners. In 2012, the HIV Combination Prevention Strategy relating to prevention interventions was adopted. Anti-Retroviral Therapy services was increased with the drugs being available and accessible free of charge"
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    Myanmar

    Myanmar
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    ASEAN
    Issue:
    • Gender equality
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    12th session, October 2011
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Intensify its efforts to promote the status of women and continue its commitments to fulfil quality education.
    Implementation
    "National Report:
    Para 5) As reported in the Mid-Term Report, Zimbabwe held a referendum in 2013 which resulted in the adoption of a new Constitution with an expansive Declaration of Rights. The Constitution strengthened the institutional framework for the promotion and protection of human rights by either establishing new institutions, such as … the Zimbabwe Gender Commission
    Para 11) The National Gender Policy has been reviewed and aligned to the Constitution and international and regional human rights instruments, which include the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) and the SADC Protocol on Gender and Development. It also takes cognisance of the UPR recommendations. The policy promotes equal representation in all institutions, agencies of government, commissions and elective bodies at all levels. The GoZ is aligning all pieces of legislation and in the process incorporating the principle of equal gender representation.

    Para 12) Government has called for gender based budgeting at all levels to ensure mainstreaming of gender issues.

    Para 16) As indicated in Mid-Term Report, the Constitution provides for Independent Commissions which support the promotion and protection of human rights and democracy. The Zimbabwe Gender Commission Act was enacted in February 2016, paving the way for the operationalisation of the Commission, while a bill to operationalise the NPRC is under consideration. The ZHRC, ZEC and the ZMC are fully operational

    Para 27) Public awareness campaigns have been carried out at annual commemorations such as: the International Day of the Child; the Day of the African Child; the International Day of Disabled Persons; International Women’s Day …

    Para 35) As reported above, the Constitution has established new independent institutions such as the Zimbabwe Gender Commission and the NPRC. The Gender Commission is now operational.

    Para 53) In relation to issues of gender equality, section 27(2) of the Constitution states that the State must take measures to ensure that girls are afforded the same opportunities as boys to obtain education at all levels. While the 2014 Education Management Information System shows that gender parity has been achieved at primary and lower secondary levels, the participation rate for girls at upper secondary level is still at 44%. More girls are being encouraged to proceed to upper secondary level and beyond through interventions that address the problems that cause girls to drop out of school

    Para 86) The Broad Based Women Economic Empowerment Framework is being implemented and has resulted in an increase in women’s participation in economic sectors such as agriculture and mining. The Women’s Development Fund is in place and Government is working towards establishing a Women’s Bank to improve access to affordable finances by women and facilitate financial inclusion by decentralising the banking system.

    Midterm Report:
    Laws are being reviewed in order to harmonise them with the new Constitution.

    A review of the Public Order and Security Act with the view of aligning it with the Constitution and the Human rights standards is underway.

    Zimbabwe adopted a new Constitution which is progressive in terms of advancing women’s rights. Unlike the previous Constitution, the new Constitution specifically provides for the rights of women and gender equality. The Constitution now absolutely prohibits discrimination against women, unlike the previous Constitution which allowed exceptions especially with regard to the application of customary law. Furthermore, the Constitution provides for the establishment of a Gender Commission whose functions will include monitoring issues concerning gender equality with a view to ensuring gender equality as provided in the Constitution and investigating possible violations of rights relating to gender.

    The new Constitution provides for a reserved quota for women in the National Assembly and proportional representation in the Senate. As a result, Zimbabwe has witnessed an increase in representation of women in Parliament as they make up 32% in the National Assembly and 48% of Senate, which constitutes a total 34% of the current Parliament. The Constitution further calls upon government to ensure full gender balance and to take measures to promote the full participation of women in all spheres on the basis of equality with men. This includes equal representation in all institutions, agencies of government, commissions and other elective bodies at all levels.

    The National Gender Policy has been reviewed and aligned to international and regional human rights instruments, which include CEDAW, SADC Protocol on Gender and Development and UPR recommendations. The Broad Based Women Economic Empowerment Framework is being implemented and has resulted in a marginal increase in women’s participation in economic sectors such as agriculture and mining. The Women’s Development Fund is still in place

    Research on family laws has been carried out and a position paper has been developed.

    UN Compilation:
    Para 23) The Committee commended efforts to apply temporary special measures allowing women to access loans under the small and medium-sized enterprises policy in 2010 ….

    Stakeholder Summary
    Para 24) JS7 stated that at the 2011 review, Zimbabwe agreed to implement measures to prohibit discrimination against women, address the marginalization and exclusion of women from the economic, social and political spheres. The 2013 Constitution protected women’s rights and prohibited discrimination on basis of gender. However, the envisaged equality had not translated into social and economic empowerment for women"
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    Angola

    Angola
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Issue:
    • Violence against women / gender-based violence
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    12th session, October 2011
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Strengthen protection mechanisms against gender-based violence.
    Implementation
    "Stakeholder Summary: Para 37) JS7 stated that there were inadequate protection mechanisms for the victims, with only nine shelters operated by a non-governmental organization."
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    Tunisia

    Tunisia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    OIC
    AL
    OIF
    Issue:
    • Harmful practices based on cultural / traditional values
    • Forced marriage
    • Gender equality
    • Violence against women / gender-based violence
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Update national legislation in line with its international commitments, especially with regard to gender-equality, protection of the rights of the child and combating violence and forced marriage
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    Kenya

    Kenya
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Issue:
    • Birth registration
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Increase prompt access to birth registration and public awareness for the same
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    Botswana

    Botswana
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Issue:
    • Maternal health / morbidity / mortality
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Develop and operationalize a comprehensive strategy on preventing maternal, neonatal and child mortality
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    Uruguay

    Uruguay
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    Issue:
    • Criminal laws on same-sex sexual practices
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Unclear Response
    Contents:
    Repeal the provisions in the Criminal Code which criminalise sexual relations between consenting adults of the same sex (LGBTI)
    Explanation
    Noted.
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    National Report

    Issue:
    • Gender equality
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    12th session, October 2011
    Status:
    N/A
    Contents:
    "In terms of basic education, Zimbabwe surpassed the MDG 2 gender parity target. [Para 99]"
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    Stakeholder Summary

    Issue:
    • Criminal laws on same-sex sexual practices
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Reference Addressed
    Contents:
    GALZ stated that criminalization of same-sex activity directly contravened Zimbabwe’s obligations under the ICCPR to protect the right to privacy. It recommended repealing the crime of sodomy as provided for under section 73 of the Criminal Code and Reform Act, 2006, to ensure that same-sex activity between consenting adults is not subject to criminal sanctions. [Para 51]
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • Women's and / or girls' rights
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Neglected
    Contents:
    The CEDAW expressed concern about the prevalence of discriminatory customs and traditional practices that prevent rural women from inheriting or acquiring land and other property and accessing credit facilities and community services. While noting that Zimbabwe had allocated a 20 per cent quota for women under the fast-track land reform programme, the Committee expressed concern that rural women’s access to land remained limited compared to that of men. The Committee called upon Zimbabwe to monitor the implementation of the land reform programme to ensure that the quota would be achieved. [Para 21]
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • Contraception
    • Sexually transmitted infections
    • Sexual and / or reproductive rights and / or health broadly
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Neglected
    Contents:
    The CRC expressed concern about the requirement, in law, for parents or guardians to give consent for unmarried adolescents to access reproductive health services, including information on contraception and the prevention of sexually transmitted infections. [Para 76]
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    Stakeholder Summary

    Issue:
    • Early marriage
    • Harmful practices based on cultural / traditional values
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    12th session, October 2011
    Status:
    Neglected
    Contents:
    ZHRO recommended outlawing child marriages in the Marriages Act. [Para 42]
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • Women's and / or girls' rights
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    12th session, October 2011
    Status:
    Neglected
    Contents:
    UNCT recommended that Zimbabwe ensure that the bill of rights in the new Constitution under development protected all generations of rights, including the rights of women, children, persons with disabilities, internally displaced persons (IDPs), asylum seekers, refugees and migrants... [Para 3]
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    Maldives

    Maldives
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    OIC
    Commonwealth
    Issue:
    • Gender equality
    • Violence against women / gender-based violence
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Continue taking legislative action to eliminate the marginalization of women from socio-economic and political spheres and strengthen mechanisms for protection against gender-based violence
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    Panama

    Panama
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    ACS
    Issue:
    • Violence against women / gender-based violence
    • Training for state personnel on sexual rights issues
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Train judges and prosecutors on laws related to violence against women and train police forces on the protocols to assist women victims of violence
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    Djibouti

    Djibouti
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    OIC
    AL
    OIF
    Issue:
    • International human rights instruments
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Rejected
    Contents:
    Ratify the OP-CEDAW
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    Belgium

    Belgium
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    EU
    OIF
    Issue:
    • Sexual and / or reproductive rights and / or health broadly
    Type:
    Question
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Not Followed up with a Recommendation
    Contents:
    What concrete measures is the Government of Zimbabwe taking to increase access to sexual and reproductive health services for women and unmarried adolescents, as recommended by the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination of Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child?
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    National Report

    Issue:
    • Women's participation
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    12th session, October 2011
    Status:
    N/A
    Contents:
    "The Country has made progress in promoting the participation of women in politics and decision making. There are, for example, females in the following posts Vice President, Deputy Prime Minister, President of the Senate, Deputy Speaker of Parliament and Judge President (2004–2009). [Para 80]"
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    Stakeholder Summary

    Issue:
    • Discrimination based on sexual orientation
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    12th session, October 2011
    Status:
    Reference Addressed
    Contents:
    "According to ZHRO, another area of concern is the continued discrimination of sexual minorities. [Para 19]"