UPR Sexual Rights Database

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UN Member State that is reviewed on its human rights record as part of the UPR process.

Categories of the types of information used during reviews

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Source of Reference

Recommending State

UN Member State or Permanent Observer making sexual rights related recommendations, comments or asking questions to the State under Review.

Review Documentation

Sources of information used as the basis for a State’s review.  Includes the State’s National Report, UN Compilation Report and a Stakeholder Summary.

UN Regional Group to which State under Review belongs.

UN Regional Group to which Recommending State belongs.

This will only match recommendations where the Source of Review is a State.

Implementation notes

State responses to recommendations and issues raised in the UN Compilation and Stakeholder summary.

Displaying 49176 - 49200 of 49297 recommendations found
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    Turkey

    Turkey
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OIC
    Issue:
    • International human rights instruments
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Rejected
    Contents:
    Sign and ratify the two Optional Protocols to ICCPR
    Explanation
    Noted. Does not enjoy the support of Zimbabwe.
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    Chile

    Chile
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    Issue:
    • Discrimination based on sexual orientation
    • Discrimination based on gender identity
    • Violence on the basis of sexual orientation
    • Violence on the basis of gender identity
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Unclear Response
    Contents:
    Adopt urgent measures to make progress on the elimination of all forms of discrimination, stigmatization and violence against people on the basis of their sexual orientation and gender identity and to promote the respect of the rights of all persons by the society
    Explanation
    Noted.
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • Gender equality
    • Women's and / or girls' rights
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    12th session, October 2011
    Status:
    Reference Addressed
    Contents:
    UNCT recommended that Zimbabwe enforce national policies and legislation to prevent and address the marginalization and exclusion of women ... from the economic, social and political spheres of society. [Para 15]
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    Stakeholder Summary

    Issue:
    • HIV and AIDS
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Neglected
    Contents:
    ERI stated that there was discrimination and stigmatization of people living with HIV/AIDS, which needed to be addressed through education and awareness-raising. It recommended that Zimbabwe support public education campaigns to eliminate stigma and discrimination against those living with HIV/AIDS, especially children. [Para 26]
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • Gender equality
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Reference Addressed
    Contents:
    The country team encouraged Zimbabwe to accelerate efforts to ensure the full operationalization of the Zimbabwe Gender Commission. [Para 10]
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • Maternal health / morbidity / mortality
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Reference Addressed
    Contents:
    The CEDAW expressed concern at the high maternal mortality rate. It urged Zimbabwe to strengthen efforts and to raise awareness of, and increase, women’s access to health-care facilities and medical assistance by trained personnel, especially in rural and remote areas. [Para 70]
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    Canada

    Canada
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OAS
    OIF
    Commonwealth
    Issue:
    • Maternal health / morbidity / mortality
    • Domestic violence
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    12th session, October 2011
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Put in place and adequately fund mechanisms for the collection and analysis of disaggregated data on maternal mortality and morbidity and domestic violence in order to better understand prevailing trends and assess the effectiveness of measures in place
    Implementation
    "Stakeholder Summary:
    Para 37) JS7 stated that at the 2011 review, Zimbabwe undertook to collect and analyse disaggregated data on domestic violence to better understand prevailing trends and to assess the effectiveness of measures that were in place. In this context, information was collated on those victims who had sought assistance from the police"
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    Democratic Republic of Congo

    Democratic Republic of Congo
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    OIF
    Issue:
    • HIV and AIDS
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    12th session, October 2011
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Accelerate its programme to combat HIV/AIDS pandemic that continue to saturate the health system with its high morbidity and mortality rates.
    Implementation
    "National Report:
    Para 58) The Public Health Act [Chapter 15:09] provides for the protection of public health, including prevention and suppression of infectious and sexually transmitted diseases …

    Para 62) The availability of vital medicines at institutions by the end of 2013 was 66.6%. With development partner support, which is targeted at the communities, 87.2% of primary health care facilities have at least 80% of selected essential medicines. Government has removed customs duty on all imported anti-malarial medicines and commodities and permitted local pharmaceutical companies to produce anti-retroviral drugs. Government has a bilateral agreement for doctors and other health professionals with countries such as Cuba to alleviate shortage of doctors in the country.

    Para 63) Government is scaling up Anti-Retroviral Therapy (ART) services to reduce morbidity and mortality due to HIV and AIDS through: making drugs available and accessible; offering patients ARVs free of charge; training primary counsellors in rapid HIV testing; establishing sites offering ART services; and mobilising and empowering communities to support improved access to care and support.

    Para 126) Despite facing economic challenges, Government remains committed to making funding mechanisms in the social services sector such as BEAM and AMTO viable. It is engaging development partners to continue supporting these mechanisms as well as others such as the Health Development Fund and the Child Protection Fund while it pursues ways of fully funding them from its own resources. For example, Government established the National AIDS Trust Fund, which is funded through the AIDS Levy, to cater for those living with HIV and AIDS (about 1.4 million people are living with HIV and AIDS, of which about 800,000 are receiving treatment). Government plans to introduce a national health insurance scheme to ensure that all persons, especially the vulnerable, can have access to proper health care.

    Midterm report
    The new Constitution makes specific provision for the right to health care. The right includes the right of every person living with a chronic illness to have access to basic healthcare services for the illness and the requirement that no person may be refused emergency medical treatment in any health-care institution.

    More health institutions have been created to ensure that the majority of the population is within a 10 kilometre radius of a health centre. This is the country’s set standard within the Primary Health Care Approach which was adopted when Zimbabwe signed the 2008 Ouagadougou Declaration on Primary Healthcare and Health Systems in Africa. Following this, priority has been placed on revitalising the health care delivery system to ensure an effective and efficient referral system and emergency services. Most primary care facilities are functional as they continue to benefit from both Government and donor resources.

    The availability of vital medicines at institutions by the end of 2013 was 66.6%. With development partner support, which is targeted at the communities, 87.2% of primary health care facilities have at least 80% of selected essential medicines.

    Government is scaling up Anti-Retroviral Therapy (ART) services to reduce morbidity and mortality due to HIV and AIDS through :
    • making drugs available and accessible;
    • offering patients ARVs free of charge;
    • training primary counsellors in rapid HIV testing;
    • establishment of sites offering ART services; and
    • mobilising and empowering communities to support improved access to care and support.

    UN Compilation:
    Para 79) The country team stated that while the States signatories to the Abuja Declaration on HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis and Other Related Infectious Diseases had called upon countries to allocate at least 15 per cent of their gross domestic product to the health sector, Zimbabwe only allocated 9.73 per cent in 2016

    Stakeholder Summary:
    Para 69) JS8 stated that during the 2011 review, Zimbabwe supported recommendations related to the continuation of efforts to reduce HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis as well as mortality rate caused by HIV, and development of a financing mechanism to help the underprivileged. Despite support for those recommendations, children continue to experience difficulties in accessing health services.

    Para 70) JS7 stated that at the 2011 review, Zimbabwe undertook to continue efforts to reduce HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Tuberculosis with the assistance of development partners. In 2012, the HIV Combination Prevention Strategy relating to prevention interventions was adopted. Anti-Retroviral Therapy services was increased with the drugs being available and accessible free of charge"
  • State Under Review:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Source Of Reference:

    Stakeholder Summary

    Issue:
    • Discrimination based on sexual orientation
    • Discrimination based on gender identity
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    12th session, October 2011
    Status:
    Neglected
    Contents:
    According to ZHRO, another area of concern is the continued discrimination of sexual minorities. ZHRO recommended that non-discrimination provisions in the Constitution be absolute and fully implemented as they relate to sex, race, origin and other grounds with no limitations. [Para 19]
  • State Under Review:

    South Sudan

    South Sudan
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Source Of Reference:

    Albania

    Albania
    Regional group
    EEG
    Political group
    OIC
    OIF
    Issue:
    • Violence against women / gender-based violence
    • Sexual violence
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Adopt legal instructions and orders to all armed forces, military intelligence, and allied militia, with the aim to prevent, and punish all abuses, including crimes of sexual and gender-based violence
  • State Under Review:

    South Sudan

    South Sudan
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Source Of Reference:

    Angola

    Angola
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Issue:
    • Women's participation
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Increase the representation and participation of women in the public sector
  • State Under Review:

    South Sudan

    South Sudan
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Source Of Reference:

    Albania

    Albania
    Regional group
    EEG
    Political group
    OIC
    OIF
    Issue:
    • International human rights instruments
    • Gender equality
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Complete the ratification process of the two Optional Protocols to the CRC on the involvement of children in armed conflict and on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography, and the ratification of the Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa
    Explanation
    This recommendation has been examined by TGoNU and enjoy its support but needs technical assistance and resources to fully implement them.
  • State Under Review:

    South Sudan

    South Sudan
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Source Of Reference:

    Central African Republic

    Central African Republic
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    OIF
    Issue:
    • Birth registration
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Implement an effective birth registration policy for the whole country in order to consolidate the rights of children
    Explanation
    This recommendation has been examined by TGoNU and enjoy its support but needs technical assistance and resources to fully implement them.
  • State Under Review:

    South Sudan

    South Sudan
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • Women's participation
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Neglected
    Contents:
    The Secretary-General stated that the Transitional Government of National Unity must boldly spearhead the fundamental reforms outlined in the Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan, including ... the inclusion of civil society, women’s groups and other key stakeholders, whose participation was necessary for the peace process to take root. [Para 6]
  • State Under Review:

    South Sudan

    South Sudan
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Source Of Reference:

    National Report

    Issue:
    • Training for state personnel on sexual rights issues
    • Women's and / or girls' rights
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    N/A
    Contents:
    The Government, with assistance from the international partners, prepared Human Rights Agenda and Action Plan and identified general areas of reforms, including training of judicial personnel, public prosecutors, police and prisons officers in dealing with cases involving vulnerable groups such as ... women ... [Para 22]
  • State Under Review:

    South Sudan

    South Sudan
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Source Of Reference:

    South Africa

    South Africa
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Issue:
    • Violence against women / gender-based violence
    • Sexual violence
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Strengthen efforts to combat sexual violence against women and children, including the development and strengthening of relevant laws
  • State Under Review:

    South Sudan

    South Sudan
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Source Of Reference:

    Ukraine

    Ukraine
    Regional group
    EEG
    Political group
    CIS
    Issue:
    • Violence against women / gender-based violence
    • Sexual violence
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Take steps to eliminate sexual and gender-based violence, ensure that perpetrators are held responsible and victims have secure access to justice
  • State Under Review:

    South Sudan

    South Sudan
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Source Of Reference:

    Portugal

    Portugal
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    EU
    OEI
    Issue:
    • International human rights instruments
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Ratify core international human rights treaties, namely the ICCPR and ICESCR and their Optional Protocols…
    Explanation
    This recommendation has been examined by TGoNU and enjoy its support but needs technical assistance and resources to fully implement them.
  • State Under Review:

    South Sudan

    South Sudan
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Source Of Reference:

    Iceland

    Iceland
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Issue:
    • Violence against women / gender-based violence
    • Sexual violence
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Undertake prompt, effective and impartial investigations into allegations of crimes under international law and human rights violations, in particular sexual and gender-based violence
    Explanation
    This recommendation has been examined by TGoNU and enjoy its support but needs technical assistance and resources to fully implement them.
  • State Under Review:

    South Sudan

    South Sudan
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Source Of Reference:

    Stakeholder Summary

    Issue:
    • Violence against women / gender-based violence
    • Women's participation
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Reference Addressed
    Contents:
    JS2 recommended that South Sudan increase the number of women in leadership positions in the army and the police as a basic step towards ending gender-based violence. [Para 40]
  • State Under Review:

    South Sudan

    South Sudan
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • Women's participation
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Reference Addressed
    Contents:
    The High Commissioner recommended that South Sudan strengthen advocacy efforts to increase representation and participation of women in decision-making at all levels through capacity-building and the involvement of women in peace and reconciliation processes. [Para 61]
  • State Under Review:

    South Sudan

    South Sudan
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Source Of Reference:

    National Report

    Issue:
    • Women's and / or girls' rights
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    N/A
    Contents:
    The Government has made the primary education compulsory throughout the country and established an Alternative Educational System which is to provide ... community girl schools programme ... to the children demobilised from the army and other militias groups operating in country ... [Para 67]
  • State Under Review:

    South Sudan

    South Sudan
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Source Of Reference:

    France

    France
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    EU
    OIF
    Issue:
    • Sexual exploitation / slavery
    • International human rights instruments
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    11th session, May 2011
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Adhere to the CRC and its two OPs...
    Implementation
    National Report: Para 10) Also the Government has enacted the Child law and adhered to the CRC and its two Optional Protocols … Para 16) The Government has acceded and ratified various regional and international conventions with aim of promoting and protecting human rights of its citizens. The Conventions ratified and acceded to by the Government are: … CRC and its Optional Protocols …
  • State Under Review:

    South Sudan

    South Sudan
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Source Of Reference:

    Madagascar

    Madagascar
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    OIF
    Issue:
    • Gender equality
    • Violence against women / gender-based violence
    • Sexual violence
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Take appropriate measures to put an end to all forms of discrimination against women and girls as well as to widespread sexual violence …
  • State Under Review:

    South Sudan

    South Sudan
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Source Of Reference:

    Slovakia

    Slovakia
    Regional group
    EEG
    Political group
    EU
    Issue:
    • Sexual exploitation / slavery
    • International human rights instruments
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    26th session, November 2016
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Become a State Party to the three optional protocols to the CRC