UPR Sexual Rights Database

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UN Member State that is reviewed on its human rights record as part of the UPR process.

Categories of the types of information used during reviews

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Source of Reference

Recommending State

UN Member State or Permanent Observer making sexual rights related recommendations, comments or asking questions to the State under Review.

Review Documentation

Sources of information used as the basis for a State’s review.  Includes the State’s National Report, UN Compilation Report and a Stakeholder Summary.

UN Regional Group to which State under Review belongs.

UN Regional Group to which Recommending State belongs.

This will only match recommendations where the Source of Review is a State.

Implementation notes

State responses to recommendations and issues raised in the UN Compilation and Stakeholder summary.

Displaying 41976 - 42000 of 43644 recommendations found
  • State Under Review:

    Uzbekistan

    Uzbekistan
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    OIC
    CIS
    Source Of Reference:

    Netherlands

    Netherlands
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    EU
    Issue:
    • Criminal laws on same-sex sexual practices
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    16th session, May 2013
    Status:
    Rejected
    Contents:
    Decriminalize consensual homosexual activity in compliance with its obligations under ICCPR.
    Explanation
    Did not enjoy the support of Uzbekistan, as it considers that they are not part of its obligations under internationally agreed human rights standards.
    Implementation
    National Report:
    Para 9) … In 2016, Uzbekistan replied that it opposed a repeal of article 120 since homosexual relations were one of the causes of the spread of HIV/AIDS in the country and were contrary to the traditions of the peoples of Uzbekistan.

    Stakeholder Summary:
    Para 6) JS1 noted that, during the UPR in 2013, Uzbekistan had rejected recommendations on the decriminalization of consensual sex conduct between men.


  • State Under Review:

    Uzbekistan

    Uzbekistan
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    OIC
    CIS
    Source Of Reference:

    Netherlands

    Netherlands
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    EU
    Issue:
    • Discrimination based on sexual orientation
    • Discrimination based on gender identity
    • Violence on the basis of sexual orientation
    • Violence on the basis of gender identity
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    30th Session, May 2018
    Status:
    Unclear Response
    Contents:
    Combat violence and discrimination on all grounds including on the ground of sexual orientation and gender identity, through the adoption of comprehensive anti-discrimination legislation and by investigating and prosecuting all acts of violence and discrimination.
    Explanation
    Noted.
  • State Under Review:

    Uzbekistan

    Uzbekistan
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    OIC
    CIS
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • Sexuality education
    • Sexually transmitted infections
    • HIV and AIDS
    • Sexual and / or reproductive rights and / or health broadly
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    30th Session, May 2018
    Status:
    Reference Addressed
    Contents:
    The country team noted that knowledge about sexual and reproductive health and the prevention of sexually transmitted diseases was particularly poor among boys and rural residents. CRC recommended that Uzbekistan establish reproductive health as part of the mandatory school syllabus for children and that it take measures to prevent mother-to-child HIV/AIDS transmission. [Para 63]
  • State Under Review:

    Uzbekistan

    Uzbekistan
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    OIC
    CIS
    Source Of Reference:

    National Report

    Issue:
    • Maternal health / morbidity / mortality
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    16th session, May 2013
    Status:
    N/A
    Contents:
    ... Uzbekistan is making great efforts to strengthen the legal framework for improving the health of mothers and children. A number of projects are under way, including in the following areas: protection of pregnant women, effective perinatal care, reanimation of newborns, breastfeeding, monitoring of children's growth and development, and the introduction of strategies for an integral treatment of childhood illnesses. [Para 137]
  • State Under Review:

    Uzbekistan

    Uzbekistan
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    OIC
    CIS
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • Sexual exploitation / slavery
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    30th Session, May 2018
    Status:
    Not Followed up with a Recommendation
    Contents:
    [CRC] recommended that Uzbekistan develop measures for protection, assistance and recovery for children living and working in street situations, ensure their access to education and health services and prevent them from becoming victims of trafficking and economic and sexual exploitation. [Para 88]
  • State Under Review:

    Uzbekistan

    Uzbekistan
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    OIC
    CIS
    Source Of Reference:

    Outcome Report

    Issue:
    • Criminal laws on same-sex sexual practices
    • Rights of same-sex desiring persons
    • Transgender persons' rights
    Type:
    Comment
    Session:
    30th Session, May 2018
    Status:
    N/A
    Contents:
    Amnesty International ... regretted that Uzbekistan rejected 11 recommendations relating to sexual orientation and gender identity including repealing Article 120 of the Criminal Code, which criminalizes consensual sexual relations. ... [Para 735]
  • State Under Review:

    Uzbekistan

    Uzbekistan
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    OIC
    CIS
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • Marital rape
    • Violence against women / gender-based violence
    • Domestic violence
    • Sexual violence
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    3rd session, December 2008
    Status:
    Reference Addressed
    Contents:
    CEDAW recommended the speedy adoption of a framework act on all forms of violence against women, including domestic violence and marital rape, to ensure that violence against women constitutes a criminal offence, that victims have access to immediate means of redress and protection and that perpetrators are prosecuted and punished. CESCR and CRC also recommended that Uzbekistan adopt specific legislation on domestic violence and to consider it a criminal offence. [Para 23]
  • State Under Review:

    Uzbekistan

    Uzbekistan
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    OIC
    CIS
    Source Of Reference:

    Stakeholder Summary

    Issue:
    • Sexual abuse
    • Sexual exploitation / slavery
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    3rd session, December 2008
    Status:
    Neglected
    Contents:
    Noted that street children and children in institutions, such as orphanages, are often involved in prostitution. It also noted instances of street girls being subject to sexual abuse by law enforcement officers and children in prisons being exposed to sexual abuse by prison staff or elder peers. [Para 11]
  • State Under Review:

    Uzbekistan

    Uzbekistan
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    OIC
    CIS
    Source Of Reference:

    Georgia

    Georgia
    Regional group
    EEG
    Issue:
    • International human rights instruments
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    30th Session, May 2018
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Consider accession to the CRPD and its Optional Protocol, as well as the OP-CRC-IC, … and the CEDAW.
  • State Under Review:

    Uzbekistan

    Uzbekistan
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    OIC
    CIS
    Source Of Reference:

    Cambodia

    Cambodia
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    ASEAN
    OIF
    Issue:
    • Gender equality
    • Empowerment of women
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    16th session, May 2013
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Take more effective steps in strengthening gender equality and women empowerment in the country and in ensuring a plan of comprehensive development of children.
    Implementation
    National Report:
    Para 12) … Within the Legislative Chamber, commissions on … women … were established …
    Para 33) … The principle of non-discrimination has also been taken into account in the drafting of bills with the aim of guaranteeing equal rights and opportunities for women and men, addressing emergency situations and preventing domestic violence.
    Para 55) In the regions, there are 9 social and legal support centres and 170 advisory centres for women operating as NGOs and offering public services. They provide social, psychological and legal support and assistance in the job placement of women living in difficult circumstances.
    Para 92) Measures are constantly taken to more effectively guarantee and protect women’s rights. The Women’s Committee has sent the Legislative Chamber proposals for amendments to the Family Code calling for the establishment of the same minimum marriageable age for women and men. A bill on guarantees of equal rights and opportunities for women and men has undergone additional legal review, and a bill has been drafted on the prevention of domestic violence. The Family Code sets out the grounds for lowering the age of marriage for girls by a maximum of one year; these include pregnancy, the birth of a child or recognition of the minor as having full legal competence (emancipation of a minor). To provide for liability for violations of the legislation on the age of marriage, article 125 has been introduced into the Criminal Code and article 473 has been introduced into the Code of Administrative Liability.
    Para 93) Particular attention is paid to guarantees of women’s labour rights: article 68 of the Labour Code strengthened guarantees for the job placement of single parents, parents with numerous children under 14 years of age and parents of children with disabilities, for graduates of colleges and institutions of higher education, including girls, and for victims of trafficking in persons, in particular women. Article 84 of the Labour Code exempts pregnant women, women with children under the age of 3 and graduates of colleges, schools specialized in the sciences and institutions of education from probationary periods once they are hired. A decision of the Cabinet of Ministers of 5 December 2017 lays down the procedure for interaction between local administrations and the Youth Union, the Women’s Committee and agencies dealing with labour and employment matters for the public, for youth and for women.
    Para 94) The Code of Administrative Liability includes standards establishing that parents and persons in loco parentis are liable if they prevent children, including girls, from attending compulsory general education institutions or specialized vocational schools at the secondary level. Local administrations have established commissions for work with women and commissions for public oversight, and 8,700 advisers provide legal, psychological and other assistance to women and assist them in finding employment.
    Para 95) A system for the collection, analysis and compilation of gender statistics is being perfected in order to monitor the progress made in ensuring gender equality in the context of nine strategic objectives. The system makes use of 176 indicators relating to demographics, health, education, employment, social protection, public and political life, entrepreneurship and other factors. Statistics are regularly published in compendiums under the title Women and Men in Uzbekistan, and a section on gender statistics has been set up on the State Statistical Committee’s official website, www.stat.uz, at gender.stat.uz. A system has been set up to train representatives of State bodies and NGOs in the collection and analysis of gender statistics with the participation of international experts.
    Para 96) A government decision of 16 March 2017 approved a new provision on the responsibilities of the Deputy Prime Minister and chair of the Women’s Committee, who is now responsible for ensuring the protection of women’s rights and interests and for increasing their legal and political impact in society. A national plan of action for implementing the recommendations of the CEDAW was approved following consideration of the fifth national report of Uzbekistan. On 2 February 2018, a presidential decree was adopted with the aim of improving the activities of the Women’s Committee, and a programme of comprehensive measures to support women and strengthen the institution of the family was approved.

    UN Compilation:
    Para 52) CESCR remained concerned about … high unemployment among women …
    Para 70) [CEDAW] was also concerned that there was no comprehensive national action plan to promote gender equality.
    Para 71) The Special Rapporteur on freedom of religion noted that, while interreligious marriage was possible, there was discrimination in some matters related to religion, such as the absence of public places of worship for women and regulations on items of religious dress, such as the headscarf.
    Para 72) CEDAW noted with concern the disadvantaged status of women in rural areas and regretted the lack of measures to address their poverty and ensure their ownership and use of land and access to a number of rights.
    Para 73) The country team stated that cases of domestic violence against women and girls were considered a private matter and underreported, and such cases were taken mainly to the mahalla for reconciliation. Assistance and protection services for victims were insufficient. No legislation was available on the prevention of gender-based violence and domestic violence.
    Para 74) The Committee against Torture was concerned that domestic violence and marital rape were not defined in criminal law.
    Para 75) Several treaty bodies were concerned about cases of forced and early marriage and bride abductions, especially in rural areas, and the persistence of de facto polygamy, despite the legal prohibition against such practices.
    Para 76) CEDAW remained concerned that the Family Code provided for different minimum ages of marriage for girls (17 years) and boys (18 years), with the possibility of authorizing the marriage of a girl at 16 years of age, and that women were often unable to exercise their rights to an equal share in marital property. The country team stated that most child marriages were not officially registered or only registered after the couple reached the legal age for marriage.
    Para 78) [CEDAW] remained concerned at the low percentage of women in political and public life. The High Commissioner also noted that there were very few women in leadership roles and emphasized the importance of having more women in positions of authority and their full participation at every level.
  • State Under Review:

    Uzbekistan

    Uzbekistan
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    OIC
    CIS
    Source Of Reference:

    Egypt

    Egypt
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    OIC
    AL
    OIF
    Issue:
    • Women's and / or girls' rights
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    30th Session, May 2018
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Strengthen efforts aimed at guaranteeing women’s rights and protect women more efficiently.
  • State Under Review:

    Uzbekistan

    Uzbekistan
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    OIC
    CIS
    Source Of Reference:

    Senegal

    Senegal
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    OIC
    OIF
    Issue:
    • Maternal health / morbidity / mortality
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    16th session, May 2013
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Reinforce work for maternal and child health.
    Implementation
    National Report:
    Para 35) … the maternal mortality rate has dropped …
    Para 88) Systematic efforts have been made in Uzbekistan to strengthen reproductive health. A presidential decision of 25 December 2017 approved a State programme for the early detection of congenital and hereditary diseases for 2018–2022. The programme will make it possible to introduce generalized prenatal ultrasound checks, and thus reduce the number of children born with congenital birth defects. A presidential decree of 1 August 2014 on the State programme is currently being implemented for further improvement of the reproductive health of the population and protection of the health of mothers, children and adolescents for the period 2014–2018.

    UN Compilation:
    Para 60) CRC was concerned at the inadequate quality of maternal, perinatal and early neonatal care, resulting in high rates of newborn and maternal mortality.
  • State Under Review:

    Uzbekistan

    Uzbekistan
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    OIC
    CIS
    Source Of Reference:

    Palestine

    Palestine
    Regional group
    Observer
    Political group
    OIC
    AL
    Issue:
    • Gender equality
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    30th Session, May 2018
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Take further steps to ensure gender equality in higher education.
  • State Under Review:

    Uzbekistan

    Uzbekistan
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    OIC
    CIS
    Source Of Reference:

    Afghanistan

    Afghanistan
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    OIC
    Issue:
    • Women's and / or girls' rights
    Type:
    Question
    Session:
    3rd session, December 2008
    Status:
    Not Followed up with a Recommendation
    Contents:
    Afghanistan enquired about measures taken to [...] create favourable conditions for comprehensive development of women.
  • State Under Review:

    Uzbekistan

    Uzbekistan
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    OIC
    CIS
    Source Of Reference:

    Slovakia

    Slovakia
    Regional group
    EEG
    Political group
    EU
    Issue:
    • International human rights instruments
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    16th session, May 2013
    Status:
    Rejected
    Contents:
    Consider signing and ratifying the OP-CRC-IC.
    Explanation
    Did not enjoy the support of Uzbekistan, as it considers that they are not part of its obligations under internationally agreed human rights standards.
  • State Under Review:

    Uzbekistan

    Uzbekistan
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    OIC
    CIS
    Source Of Reference:

    Mexico

    Mexico
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    ACS
    Issue:
    • Discrimination based on sexual orientation
    • Women's and / or girls' rights
    • Discrimination based on gender identity
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    30th Session, May 2018
    Status:
    Unclear Response
    Contents:
    Adopt legislation against discrimination based on gender, disability, migration status, and sexual orientation and gender identity.
    Explanation
    Noted.
  • State Under Review:

    Uzbekistan

    Uzbekistan
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    OIC
    CIS
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • Domestic violence
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    16th session, May 2013
    Status:
    Reference Addressed
    Contents:
    CEDAW remained concerned about the absence of a specific law protecting women from domestic violence and the lack of prosecution and punishment of perpetrators. The HR Committee urged continued awareness-raising campaigns to sensitize the population to domestic violence. [Para 23]
  • State Under Review:

    Uzbekistan

    Uzbekistan
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    OIC
    CIS
    Source Of Reference:

    Slovenia

    Slovenia
    Regional group
    EEG
    Political group
    EU
    Issue:
    • Marital rape
    • Violence against women / gender-based violence
    • Domestic violence
    Type:
    Question
    Session:
    30th Session, May 2018
    Status:
    N/A
    Contents:
    We note the envisaged plan of the government to address violence against women and girls and the proposed amendments to the Family code. In this regard we would like to ask for more information regarding the draft bill on the prevention of domestic violence and if the question of criminalization of marital rape will be adequately addressed.
  • State Under Review:

    Uzbekistan

    Uzbekistan
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    OIC
    CIS
    Source Of Reference:

    Stakeholder Summary

    Issue:
    • HIV and AIDS
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    16th session, May 2013
    Status:
    Neglected
    Contents:
    CAGSAN recommended that programmes of HIV prevention be expanded, information and statistical data about infection rates be revealed, and measures are taken to increase awareness among the population. Furthermore, Uzbekistan should grant migrant workers access to medical aid, including diagnostics and treatment of HIV/AIDS, in addition to social, psychological and legal aid. [Para 60]
  • State Under Review:

    Uzbekistan

    Uzbekistan
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    OIC
    CIS
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • International human rights instruments
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    30th Session, May 2018
    Status:
    Not Followed up with a Recommendation
    Contents:
    Many treaty bodies, the Special Rapporteur on freedom of religion or belief and other United Nations entities recommended that Uzbekistan ratify ... the International Labour Organization (ILO) Domestic Workers Convention, 2011 (No. 189). [Para 2]
  • State Under Review:

    Uzbekistan

    Uzbekistan
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    OIC
    CIS
    Source Of Reference:

    National Report

    Issue:
    • Sexual and / or reproductive rights and / or health broadly
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    3rd session, December 2008
    Status:
    N/A
    Contents:
    Uzbekistan has a national reproductive health centre and a national centre for adolescent reproductive health, with branches in the provinces. [Para 55]
  • State Under Review:

    Uzbekistan

    Uzbekistan
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    OIC
    CIS
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • Sexual exploitation / slavery
    • International human rights instruments
    • Women's and / or girls' rights
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    3rd session, December 2008
    Status:
    Neglected
    Contents:
    Ratify OP-CRC-SC, OP-CEDAW. [Para 1; CRC, CEDAW]
  • State Under Review:

    Uzbekistan

    Uzbekistan
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    OIC
    CIS
    Source Of Reference:

    National Report

    Issue:
    • HIV and AIDS
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    3rd session, December 2008
    Status:
    N/A
    Contents:
    Efforts to combat HIV/AIDS have been stepped up since 2000. In 2007 the Cabinet of Ministers approved the 2007-2011 strategic programme to prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS. [Para 68]
  • State Under Review:

    Uzbekistan

    Uzbekistan
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    OIC
    CIS
    Source Of Reference:

    Honduras

    Honduras
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    ACS
    Issue:
    • International human rights instruments
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    30th Session, May 2018
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Ratify the human rights instruments for which it is not yet a party, in particular ... CEDAW, the CRPD and its Optional Protocol, ...
  • State Under Review:

    Uzbekistan

    Uzbekistan
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    OIC
    CIS
    Source Of Reference:

    Honduras

    Honduras
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    ACS
    Issue:
    • Trafficking in women and / or girls
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    30th Session, May 2018
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Redouble its efforts to combat trafficking of women and children, and ensure an appropriate protection for the victims through the assignment of human and financial resources to the institutions responsible.