UPR Sexual Rights Database

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UN Member State that is reviewed on its human rights record as part of the UPR process.

Categories of the types of information used during reviews

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Source of Reference

Recommending State

UN Member State or Permanent Observer making sexual rights related recommendations, comments or asking questions to the State under Review.

Review Documentation

Sources of information used as the basis for a State’s review.  Includes the State’s National Report, UN Compilation Report and a Stakeholder Summary.

UN Regional Group to which State under Review belongs.

UN Regional Group to which Recommending State belongs.

This will only match recommendations where the Source of Review is a State.

Implementation notes

State responses to recommendations and issues raised in the UN Compilation and Stakeholder summary.

Displaying 41151 - 41175 of 44829 recommendations found
  • State Under Review:

    Turkey

    Turkey
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OIC
    Source Of Reference:

    Cyprus

    Cyprus
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    EU
    OIF
    Commonwealth
    Issue:
    • Gender equality
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    21st session, January 2015
    Status:
    Rejected
    Contents:
    Take steps in order to enhance and promote gender equality in all walks of life.
  • State Under Review:

    Turkey

    Turkey
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OIC
    Source Of Reference:

    Norway

    Norway
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Issue:
    • Women's and / or girls' rights
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    8th session, May 2010
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Continue and strengthen its efforts, including through the allocation of sufficient resources, to tackle remaining challenges in the field of women's rights.
  • State Under Review:

    Turkey

    Turkey
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OIC
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • Violence against women / gender-based violence
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    21st session, January 2015
    Status:
    Reference Addressed
    Contents:
    ... UNCT observed the amendments to the Penal Code, and noted that the effective implementation to the 2012 Law to Protect Family and Prevent Violence against Women (No. 6284) remained a challenge. CEDAW called upon Turkey to evaluate and strengthen Law No. 4320 on the Protection of the Family. [Para 9]
  • State Under Review:

    Turkey

    Turkey
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OIC
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • Sexual and / or reproductive rights and / or health broadly
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    21st session, January 2015
    Status:
    Neglected
    Contents:
    ... CEDAW recommended strengthening the implementation of programmes and policies aimed at providing effective access for women to health-care information and services. CRC recommended adopting a comprehensive adolescent and reproductive health policy. [Para 75]
  • State Under Review:

    Turkey

    Turkey
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OIC
    Source Of Reference:

    National Report

    Issue:
    • Gender equality
    • Women's and / or girls' rights
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    8th session, May 2010
    Status:
    N/A
    Contents:
    The TGNA Commission for Equal Opportunity between Women and Men was established on 24 March 2009. The Commission is to contribute to women’s rights by monitoring and following national and international developments. [Para 115]
  • State Under Review:

    Turkey

    Turkey
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OIC
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • Women's and / or girls' rights
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    8th session, May 2010
    Status:
    Reference Addressed
    Contents:
    "CEDAW recommended that Turkey take proactive measures to decrease the high rate of female
    illiteracy and strengthen girls’ and women’s access to all levels of education and teaching.
    It called on Turkey to implement further targeted policies and programmes to overcome
    educational disadvantages faced by girls and women belonging to diverse ethnic groups and
    those whose mother tongue is not Turkish, particularly in rural areas. [Para 54]"
  • State Under Review:

    Turkey

    Turkey
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OIC
    Source Of Reference:

    Palestine

    Palestine
    Regional group
    Observer
    Political group
    OIC
    AL
    Issue:
    • Gender equality
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    21st session, January 2015
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Continue adopting comprehensive legislation to combat discrimination, including against women.
  • State Under Review:

    Turkey

    Turkey
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OIC
    Source Of Reference:

    Republic of Korea

    Republic of Korea
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Issue:
    • Gender equality
    • Violence against women / gender-based violence
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    21st session, January 2015
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Exert concrete efforts to eliminate all forms of discrimination and violence against women.
  • State Under Review:

    Turkey

    Turkey
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OIC
    Source Of Reference:

    Thailand

    Thailand
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    ASEAN
    Issue:
    • Violence against women / gender-based violence
    • Domestic violence
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    21st session, January 2015
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Continue its effort in combating violence against women, especially domestic violence, by effectively enforcing its law and undertaking necessary legislative review, and ensure the protection of the rights of the victims.
  • State Under Review:

    Turkey

    Turkey
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OIC
    Source Of Reference:

    Panama

    Panama
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    ACS
    Issue:
    • Gender equality
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    21st session, January 2015
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Promote the adoption of measures to combat discrimination against women and promote gender equality.
  • State Under Review:

    Turkey

    Turkey
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OIC
    Source Of Reference:

    Argentina

    Argentina
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    Issue:
    • Discrimination based on sexual orientation
    • Discrimination based on gender identity
    • Violence on the basis of sexual orientation
    • Violence on the basis of gender identity
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    21st session, January 2015
    Status:
    Unclear Response
    Contents:
    Promote measures against discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity, including the investigation, and, where appropriate, the sanction of those responsible of acts of discrimination and violence against LGBTI persons.
    Explanation
    Article 10 of the Constitution safeguards equality before the law without distinction as to language, race, colour, sex, political opinion, philosophical belief, religion and sect, or any such grounds. Thanks to the phrase "or any such grounds", grounds for prohibition of discrimination are just exemplary, not limited to those listed in the Article. Furthermore, a comprehensive law on anti-discrimination and equality has been drafted. The final text of the draft law is subject to the decision of the competent legislative authorities.

    As in any democratic country governed by the rule of law, perpetrators of acts of discrimination and hate crimes against LGBTI persons are held to account and the judicial processes are diligently carried out.
  • State Under Review:

    Turkey

    Turkey
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OIC
    Source Of Reference:

    Jordan

    Jordan
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    OIC
    AL
    Issue:
    • Women's and / or girls' rights
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    8th session, May 2010
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Further improve the human rights situation of women and girls.
    Implementation
    National Report:
    Para 100) Ministry of Family and Social Policies was established in 2011 so as to unify a number of Government Agencies responsible for developing policies and providing services for the enhancement of the rights of women, children, the disabled and the elderly under a single structure. More resources have been allocated for the improvement of women's rights since the establishment of the Ministry.

    Para 102) The latest Constitutional Amendment of 2010 introduced "positive discrimination" with regard to so-called "vulnerable groups" including women and hence provided for special temporary measures in this respect.

    Para 103) The National Action Plan for Gender Equality has been implemented for the period of 2008-2013, and reviewed every six months. The Action Plan, which included sections on the enhancement of gender equality, health, participation to decision-making, education, media, environment, poverty and economy, is currently being renewed for the period of 2015-2020.

    Para 105) The representation of women in parliament increased sharply from 4.4% in 2002 with 21 women parliamentarians to 14.1% in 2011 with 78 women parliamentarians. This is a significant improvement towards the achievement of the 17 percent target for the representation of women in parliament by 2015 as was referred to in the Millennium Development Goals Report in 2005. Furthermore, the representation of women in local administration rose from 4.2% in 2009 to 9.2% in 2014.

    Para 114) With a view to identifying and eliminating current problems on women's employment, the "Women's Employment National Monitoring and Coordination Board" has been established pursuant to the Prime Ministry Circular on the "Improvement of Women's Employment and Ensuring Equal Opportunities".

    Para 115) A new law which came into force in February 2011 provides for positive discrimination in terms of employment opportunities for women over 18 years of age by covering insurance premiums by the Unemployment Insurance Fund for a period of 12 to 54 months, conditional upon certain factors.

    Para 116) Labour Law and Civil Servants Law was amended so as to improve maternal and parental leave opportunities.

    Para 117) In March 2011, a Prime Ministry Circular on the Prevention of Mobbing in the Workplace came into force.

    Para 118) In 2010, female labor participation rate was 26.3% and employment rate was 20.3%. In 2013 these rates rose to 30.8% and 27.1%, respectively.

    Para 119) The number of Centers for Women's Studies at universities reached 58. Master's programs on women's studies are currently offered at 12 universities.

    Para 120) Formal and vocational education opportunities are improved for female inmates. Kindergarten services are provided for the children of female inmates.

    Para 121) Trainings on gender equality and combating violence against women have been provided for law enforcement officers, health professionals, judges, prosecutors, religious officers, members of the press, students of journalism and various public officials.

    Para 123) The sixth strategic goal of the Action Plan concerns 'Improvement of Support and Protection Services for the Family and the Child'. In July 2014, the goal was amended so as to include taking effective legal and administrative measures for the prevention of early marriages and following activities to this end were added to the article:
    - taking necessary measures for maintaining girls in school and for the identification and follow-up of unschooled girls and ensuring that they resume formal education;

    UN Compilation:
    Para 4) The Human Rights Committee (HR Committee) welcomed the 2010 Constitutional reform. UNCT noted that despite some advancement in the Constitutional Amendment of 2010, legal arrangements needed to be adopted on some measures, such as ... the introduction of affirmative action for gender equality ...

    Stakeholder Summary:
    Para 53) ERT and JS7 noted that despite achievements in strengthening gender equality in accordance with the accepted recommendations in the first cycle, progress has been slow in the areas of political participation, employment and representation of women in decision- making. Currently women are only 14% of all members in the Grand National Assembly and only one of the 26 members of the Council of Ministers.
  • State Under Review:

    Turkey

    Turkey
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OIC
    Source Of Reference:

    Stakeholder Summary

    Issue:
    • Abortion
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    21st session, January 2015
    Status:
    Reference Addressed
    Contents:
    ... To remove all forms of discrimination against women including in accessing the health services [including abortion]. [Para 59]
  • State Under Review:

    Turkey

    Turkey
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OIC
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • Gender equality
    • Women's and / or girls' rights
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    21st session, January 2015
    Status:
    Reference Addressed
    Contents:
    CEDAW urged Turkey to amend existing discriminatory laws, whereby married women could only retain their maiden name if it was accompanied by their spouses' surname and a waiting period of 300 days was still required for women to remarry after divorce. [Para 56]
  • State Under Review:

    Turkey

    Turkey
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OIC
    Source Of Reference:

    National Report

    Issue:
    • Women's and / or girls' rights
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    8th session, May 2010
    Status:
    N/A
    Contents:
    Enrolment and attendance statistics are followed through e-school database so that non-schooling and drop-out cases can be easily detected. School drop-outs are monitored and supported with complementary projects such as “Come on girls, let’s go to school! ... [Para 91]
  • State Under Review:

    Turkey

    Turkey
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OIC
    Source Of Reference:

    Japan

    Japan
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Issue:
    • Early marriage
    • Harmful practices based on cultural / traditional values
    • Forced marriage
    • "Honour crimes"
    • Domestic violence
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    8th session, May 2010
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Intensify its effort to prevent and combat problems, such as honor killings and domestic violence as well as early and forced marriages, so that there are no implementation gaps between plans and actions.
    Implementation
    National Report:
    Para 104) Since the first cycle of the review, the Commission for Equal Opportunity between Women and Men of the Parliament conducted works on early marriages ... The Commission presented its conclusions to the Parliament and relevant governmental institutions.

    Para 113) The "Committee for the Prevention of Early and Forced Marriages" is established under the Ministry of Family and Social Policies, which consists of representatives from the relevant governmental institutions, universities, NGOs and Ankara Bar Association. The committee is to make a literature review, carry out legal research and legislative works, qualitative research, quantitative assessment using data from the Turkish Statistics Institution and determine support services for the victim. The committee held its first meeting on 24 September 2013. Moreover, the "National Strategy Document and Action Plan on Children's Rights", which had come into force on 14 December 2013 in order to review the efforts for combating early and forced marriages in an integrated way, was updated in 2014. The developments to this end have been covered in children's rights section.

    Para 123) The sixth strategic goal of the Action Plan concerns 'Improvement of Support and Protection Services for the Family and the Child'. In July 2014, the goal was amended so as to include taking effective legal and administrative measures for the prevention of early marriages and following activities to this end were added to the article:
    - carrying out scientific research on the causes and effects of early and forced marriages;
    - taking measures for the identification and reporting of girls who married at an early age and gave birth;
    - measures to ensure that judicial proceedings concerning marriages at an early age be carried out speedily and with priority;
    - measures to avoid any elements in the preparation of training programs which can justify or encourage marriages at an early age.

    UN Compilation:
    Para 9) … UNCT observed the amendments to the Penal Code, and noted that the effective implementation to the 2012 Law to Protect Family and Prevent Violence against Women (No. 6284) remained a challenge.
    Para 18) CEDAW noted the adoption of the National Action Plan for Combating Domestic Violence against Women ...
    Para 44) CEDAW was concerned about violence against women, including domestic violence. CESCR was concerned that domestic violence was not criminalized, … CEDAW considered that Law No. 6284 did not contain provisions for prosecution and punishment of perpetrators.
    Para 45) UNHCR highlighted that some cases of early marriages and domestic violence had been addressed through the existing legal framework and highlighted the need for further measures to this effect.

    Stakeholder Summary:
    Para 30) JS7 reported that violence against women, fostered by gender inequality, results in the loss of the lives of hundreds of women each year with no policy or preventive measures in place.
    Para 31) JS7 stated that child marriages account for around 23% of all marriages, 91% of them girls.
    Para 33) JS7 was concerned with child marriages particularly for girls.
    Para 40) LLG observed that during the first 9 months of the year 2013, 842 women were killed illustrating the situation continues to remain alarming. HRW noted that police and courts still regularly fail to protect women granted protection orders under the 2012 Law on the Protection of the Family and Prevention of Violence against Women.
  • State Under Review:

    Turkey

    Turkey
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OIC
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • Sexual and / or reproductive rights and / or health broadly
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    8th session, May 2010
    Status:
    Neglected
    Contents:
    "CEDAW urged Turkey to ensure that the consent of the woman be made a prerequisite for genital examinations under all circumstances. [Para 24]"
  • State Under Review:

    Turkey

    Turkey
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OIC
    Source Of Reference:

    Czechia

    Czechia
    Regional group
    EEG
    Political group
    EU
    Issue:
    • Training for state personnel on sexual rights issues
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    8th session, May 2010
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Develop human rights education and training to members of the police, military, prison and detention staff and judiciary in order to include specific focus on the protection of the rights of women, children and persons of minority ethnicity or sexual orientation and gender identity.
    Implementation
    National Report:
    Para 121) Trainings on gender equality and combating violence against women have been provided for law enforcement officers, health professionals, judges, prosecutors, religious officers, members of the press, students of journalism and various public officials.
  • State Under Review:

    Turkey

    Turkey
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OIC
    Source Of Reference:

    Spain

    Spain
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    EU
    OEI
    Issue:
    • International human rights instruments
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    8th session, May 2010
    Status:
    Rejected
    Contents:
    Sign and ratify OP-ICESCR ...
    Explanation
    National authorities are assessing becoming a party to the UN Additional Optional Protocol to the ICESCR. At this stage the first part of the recommendation isn't accepted.
    Implementation
    National Report:
    Para 42) The ratification process of the OP-CRPD which allows for every disabled person to file individual applications to the Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, which was signed on 28 September 2009, is ongoing as well.

    Para 141) The Law on the Rights of the Persons with Disabilities was amended on 6 February 2014 in line with the CRPD.
  • State Under Review:

    Turkey

    Turkey
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OIC
    Source Of Reference:

    Sri Lanka

    Sri Lanka
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    Commonwealth
    Issue:
    • Gender equality
    • Women's participation
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    21st session, January 2015
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Continue with the efforts to improve the status of women, including measures for gender equality at all levels in society, with a view to enhancing their contribution to the national development processes.
  • State Under Review:

    Turkey

    Turkey
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OIC
    Source Of Reference:

    Japan

    Japan
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Issue:
    • Marginalized groups of women
    • Women's and / or girls' rights
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    21st session, January 2015
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Additional steps be put in place to protect women's rights more effectively in rural areas in particular.
  • State Under Review:

    Turkey

    Turkey
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OIC
    Source Of Reference:

    Rwanda

    Rwanda
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    OIF
    Commonwealth
    Issue:
    • Gender equality
    • Women's participation
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    21st session, January 2015
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Increase the representation of women in decision-making positions.
  • State Under Review:

    Turkey

    Turkey
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OIC
    Source Of Reference:

    Chile

    Chile
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    Issue:
    • Discrimination based on sexual orientation
    • Discrimination based on gender identity
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    21st session, January 2015
    Status:
    Rejected
    Contents:
    Adopt a comprehensive anti-discrimination legislation to prevent all forms of discrimination on the basis of ... sexual orientation or gender identity grounds.
    Explanation
    Article 10 of the Constitution safeguards equality before the law without distinction as to language, race, colour, sex, political opinion, philosophical belief, religion and sect, or any such grounds. Thanks to the phrase "or any such grounds", grounds for prohibition of discrimination are just exemplary, not limited to those listed in the Article. Furthermore, a comprehensive law on anti-discrimination and equality has been drafted. The final text of the draft law is subject to the decision of the competent legislative authorities.
  • State Under Review:

    Turkey

    Turkey
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OIC
    Source Of Reference:

    Stakeholder Summary

    Issue:
    • International human rights instruments
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    21st session, January 2015
    Status:
    Neglected
    Contents:
    ... Recommended harmonising laws with the CRC, its protocols and other international child rights instruments. [Para 13]
  • State Under Review:

    Turkey

    Turkey
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    OIC
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • Gender equality
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    8th session, May 2010
    Status:
    Neglected
    Contents:
    Expressed concern about the pervasiveness of patriarchal attitudes and deep-rooted traditional and cultural stereotypes. [Para 25; CEDAW]