UPR Sexual Rights Database

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UN Member State that is reviewed on its human rights record as part of the UPR process.

Categories of the types of information used during reviews

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Source of Reference

Recommending State

UN Member State or Permanent Observer making sexual rights related recommendations, comments or asking questions to the State under Review.

Review Documentation

Sources of information used as the basis for a State’s review.  Includes the State’s National Report, UN Compilation Report and a Stakeholder Summary.

UN Regional Group to which State under Review belongs.

UN Regional Group to which Recommending State belongs.

This will only match recommendations where the Source of Review is a State.

Implementation notes

State responses to recommendations and issues raised in the UN Compilation and Stakeholder summary.

Displaying 41151 - 41175 of 41578 recommendations found
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    Italy

    Italy
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    EU
    Issue:
    • International human rights instruments
    • Gender equality
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    28th Session November 2017
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Ratify the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (OP-CEDAW) and further strengthen efforts on gender issues.
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    Madagascar

    Madagascar
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    OIF
    Issue:
    • Women's and / or girls' rights
    • HIV and AIDS
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    28th Session November 2017
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Apply the principle of non-discrimination to the most vulnerable groups, such as girls, children living with HIV/AIDS ... and children born out of wedlock, so that they should have access to healthcare and education.
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    Stakeholder Summary

    Issue:
    • International human rights instruments
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    28th Session November 2017
    Status:
    Reference Addressed
    Contents:
    APG23 recommended ratification of the OP-CRPD. [Para 18]
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    Stakeholder Summary

    Issue:
    • Contraception
    • Maternal health / morbidity / mortality
    • HIV and AIDS
    • Sexual and / or reproductive rights and / or health broadly
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    28th Session November 2017
    Status:
    Not Followed up with a Recommendation
    Contents:
    While noting efforts by the Government to ensure sexual and reproductive health and rights, ZHRC stated that a national assessment raised a number of relevant concerns including the high unmet need for contraception, persistent barriers in access and availability of quality and affordable health care for pregnant women and mothers thus resulting in high maternal deaths, ... high HIV rates among young adults between the ages of 20 to 24 years, ... . [Para 14]
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    National Report

    Issue:
    • International human rights instruments
    • Trafficking in women and / or girls
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    2nd session, May 2008
    Status:
    N/A
    Contents:
    Zambia ratified the Palermo Protocol on 24th April, 2005. [Para 34]
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    Stakeholder Summary

    Issue:
    • Sexual exploitation / slavery
    • International human rights instruments
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    2nd session, May 2008
    Status:
    Neglected
    Contents:
    ... Recommended the Government to immediately ratify the two CRC optional protocols to offer full protection of children in Zambia. [Para 1]
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • Abortion
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    2nd session, May 2008
    Status:
    Neglected
    Contents:
    Recommended the amendment of the abortion laws to avoid unwanted pregnancies and illegal abortions [Para 26; HR Committee].
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    Philippines

    Philippines
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    ASEAN
    Issue:
    • Women's and / or girls' rights
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    14th session, November 2012
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Explore the possibility of utilizing human rights training and programmes, and other similar efforts to further mainstream the promotion of the rights of women and children.
    Implementation
    National Report:
    Para 91) Poverty among female headed households is 78.9 percent compared to male headed households at 76.0 percent in 2015 (LCMS, 2015). In this regard, Zambia is supporting the marginalised women and girls, through the following programmes:
    (a) Girls Education Women Empowerment and Livelihood Support Project which is targeting vulnerable households. The project is currently supporting 14,000 girls country-wide;
    (b) The Women Empowerment and Livelihood Support component provides resources to extremely poor households which are disbursed through a Social Cash Transfer Scheme. This project is currently supporting 75,000 girls; and
    (c) The Girl’s Education component of the project which provides resources to girls in extremely poor households to pay school fees and purchase other school requisites with the aim of keeping them in school from grades eight to twelve.
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    Germany

    Germany
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    EU
    Issue:
    • Women's and / or girls' rights
    • HIV and AIDS
    Type:
    Question
    Session:
    2nd session, May 2008
    Status:
    Not Followed up with a Recommendation
    Contents:
    CESCR was deeply concerned that extreme poverty in Zambia has negatively affected the enjoyment of economic, social and cultural rights especially by the most disadvantaged and marginalized groups, including girl children and those affected by HIV. What measures envisages the Zambian Government to take to improve the situation of these most disadvantaged groups?
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    Iraq

    Iraq
    Regional group
    Asia-Pacific Group
    Political group
    OIC
    AL
    Issue:
    • Sexual abuse
    • Sexual violence
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    14th session, November 2012
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Adopt prevention measures against sexual abuses.
    Implementation
    Stakeholder Summary:
    Para 72) JS3 stated that children who were victims of sexual abuse were not given rehabilitation or compensation and recommended enacting a rehabilitation and compensations policy, pursuant to article 39 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child.
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    Spain

    Spain
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    EU
    OEI
    Issue:
    • Sexual exploitation / slavery
    • International human rights instruments
    • Gender equality
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    14th session, November 2012
    Status:
    Rejected
    Contents:
    Ratify ... OP-CEDAW; OP-CRPD; ... and OP-CRC-SC.
    Explanation
    Zambia remains committed to ratifying all human rights instruments and a process of internal consultations have already started as part of this process. Zambia is also currently in the process of carrying out a mapping exercise of all human rights treaties to which Zambia is party with a view of domesticating the same.
    Implementation
    National Report:
    Para 107) Zambia has not ratified OP-CEDAW.
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    Chile

    Chile
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    Issue:
    • Gender equality
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    14th session, November 2012
    Status:
    Rejected
    Contents:
    Apply special temporary measures in all areas where women are underrepresented or under unfavourable conditions.
    Implementation
    National Report:
    Para 70) There have been affirmative measures to ensure representation of women in all areas. The Constitution of Zambia (Amendment) No. 2 of 2016 sets out a new affirmative framework for an equality rule for elective and appointive positions while recognising equal rights and the establishment of a Gender Equality Commission. To this effect, the law now states that the Government is obligated to "take special measures aimed at achieving equality between women and men".
    Para 71) In addition, the Gender Equality and Equity Act No. 22 of 2015 empowers the Minister responsible for gender affairs to put in place affirmative actions, with particular interest to women, in order to eliminate all barriers which prevent women from participating meaningfully in all spheres of undertakings. For instance, in a quest to promote gender equality in access to ownership of land, Zambia developed an affirmative policy which reserves 30 percent of all land on offer to women in line with the SADC Protocol on Gender and Development. In 2014, this was increased to 40 percent of all land allocation for women, while both men and women competed for the remaining 60%.
    Para 72) ... State Land offered to women increased from 25% in 2013 to 31% in 2015 and reduced by 1% in 2016. Stakeholder Summary: Para 49) TCC stated that before the 2016 elections, Parliament passed a constitutional amendment and implementing legislation that all parliamentary and presidential candidates have at minimum a Grade 12 education. Given the systematic gender imbalance in the education system, far fewer women have completed Grade 12, leaving many women
    illegible for office. Consequently, there were a low number of female representatives in politics, with women occupying only 26 of the 156 parliamentary seats.
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • Gender equality
    • Women's and / or girls' rights
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    14th session, November 2012
    Status:
    Reference Addressed
    Contents:
    In 2011, CEDAW urged Zambia to reflect the provisions of the Convention in the new draft Constitution; enact legislation to prohibit against discrimination; and harmonize customary law with the Convention. [Para 6]
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • Gender equality
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    14th session, November 2012
    Status:
    Neglected
    Contents:
    It called upon Zambia to ... train civil servants and politicians, especially men on gender equality. [Para 43; CEDAW]
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    Stakeholder Summary

    Issue:
    • Early marriage
    • Harmful practices based on cultural / traditional values
    • Women's and / or girls' rights
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    14th session, November 2012
    Status:
    Neglected
    Contents:
    CRR stated that the cultural preference for early marriage was widespread, particularly as girls were viewed as a source of income and wealth for payment of their dowries upon marriage. Married girls often receive little or no schooling and have limited autonomy and decision-making power within the marriage. CEDAW has identified eighteen as the appropriate legal age for marriage. [Para 16]
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    Mexico

    Mexico
    Regional group
    GRULAC
    Political group
    OAS
    OEI
    ACS
    Issue:
    • Sexually transmitted infections
    • HIV and AIDS
    • Adolescent pregnancy
    • Sexual and / or reproductive rights and / or health broadly
    Type:
    Question
    Session:
    14th session, November 2012
    Status:
    Not Followed up with a Recommendation
    Contents:
    ¿Qué medidas ha emprendido Zambia para atender las deficiencias del personal docente en el sector de educación pública y para educar a adolescentes sobre derechos de salud sexual y reproductia, en especial para la prevención de embarazos precoces, y para el control de ETS incluido el VIH/SIDA?

    [What steps have been taken Zambia to address the shortcomings of teachers in the public education sector and to educate teens on sexual and reproductive health and rights, especially for the prevention of early pregnancies, and to control STDs including HIV / AIDS?]
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    Finland

    Finland
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    EU
    Issue:
    • International human rights instruments
    • Gender equality
    • Women's and / or girls' rights
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    28th Session November 2017
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Amend its national legislation to be in conformity with the provisions of CEDAW, including when revising the Bill of Rights and the Political Parties Bill, in order to protect and promote women’s rights and gender equality.
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    Kenya

    Kenya
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Issue:
    • Marginalized groups of women
    • Right to health
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    28th Session November 2017
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Increase funding to the health sector to the levels committed to in the Abuja Declaration and particularly increase the general health infrastructure, the patient to medical staff ratio and improve healthcare access for women from poor and/or rural backgrounds.
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Issue:
    • Birth registration
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    28th Session November 2017
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Expand the programme to boost birth registration to cover more outlying areas.
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    Republic of Congo

    Republic of Congo
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    OIF
    Issue:
    • International human rights instruments
    Type:
    Recommendation
    Session:
    28th Session November 2017
    Status:
    Accepted
    Contents:
    Ratify the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography (OP-CRC-SC).
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    Denmark

    Denmark
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    EU
    Issue:
    • Violence against women / gender-based violence
    Type:
    Question
    Session:
    2nd session, May 2008
    Status:
    Not Followed up with a Recommendation
    Contents:
    Reports raise concerns about the high number of gender-based violence cases in Zambia. What policy measures is the Government of Zambia putting in place to reduce this? Can you provide any information about the status of the Gender-Based Violence Bill?
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    Sweden

    Sweden
    Regional group
    WEOG
    Political group
    EU
    Issue:
    • Abortion
    Type:
    Question
    Session:
    28th Session November 2017
    Status:
    Not Followed up with a Recommendation
    Contents:
    What steps can the Government of Zambia take in order to expand access to non-discriminatory safe abortion services, including simplifying the legal requirements to access safe abortion?
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • Sexual and / or reproductive rights and / or health broadly
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    28th Session November 2017
    Status:
    Reference Addressed
    Contents:
    [CRC] was concerned by ..., the lack of adolescent-sensitive and confidential counselling services and support, the difficult access for adolescent girls to reproductive health care and information, ... . [Para 46]
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    UN Compilation

    Issue:
    • Abortion
    • Maternal health / morbidity / mortality
    • Adolescent pregnancy
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    28th Session November 2017
    Status:
    Not Followed up with a Recommendation
    Contents:
    [CRC] was concerned by the high number of teenage pregnancies and unsafe abortions, ... , and inadequate functional emergency obstetric neonatal care facilities and untrained staff. [Para 46]
  • State Under Review:

    Zambia

    Zambia
    Regional group
    Africa Group
    Political group
    AU
    Commonwealth
    Source Of Reference:

    Stakeholder Summary

    Issue:
    • Women's and / or girls' rights
    Type:
    Review Documentation
    Session:
    28th Session November 2017
    Status:
    Not Followed up with a Recommendation
    Contents:
    HRW stated that the large-scale agricultural deals involving rural communities disproportionately impacted on women. Resettlement and compensation were left up to the investor and the authorities played a minimal role in resettlement and compensation discussions affecting local residents. In the Serenje district, Central province, women described barriers to participation, in meetings relevant to their eviction, including the fear of being subjected to aggressive and violent behaviour. Furthermore, due to the resettlement, women walked further to fetch water, firewood and other resources, experienced hardships in managing limited access to food, and experienced difficulties due to loss of farm and non-farm income from the sale of forest products such as roots, mushrooms, leaves, caterpillars and sometimes rats. [Para 68]